Livestock and the Coronavirus Food Assistance Program

Are you a livestock producer whose operation has been directly impacted by the coronavirus pandemic? The Coronavirus Food Assistance Program provides direct relief to producers who faced price declines and...

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Are you a livestock producer whose operation has been directly impacted by the coronavirus pandemic? The Coronavirus Food Assistance Program provides direct relief to producers who faced price declines and additional marketing costs due to COVID-19.

The Coronavirus Food Assistance Program, or CFAP, provides vital financial assistance to producers of agricultural commodities who have suffered a five-percent-or-greater price decline or who had losses due to market supply chain disruptions due to COVID-19 and face additional significant market costs. USDA is accepting applications now through September 11, 2020. Learn more at farmers.gov/cfap.

Eligible Livestock

CFAP assistance is available to livestock producers who have an ownership interest in eligible livestock that have suffered a five percent-or-greater price decline as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic and face additional significant costs in marketing their inventories due to unexpected surplus and disrupted markets.

Livestock eligible for CFAP include cattle, hogs, and sheep. Specifically, eligible livestock are:

  • Hogs
    • Pigs < 120 lbs.
    • Hogs > 120 lbs.
  • Cattle (excluding beefalo, bison, and animals used for dairy production or intended for dairy production)
    • Feeder Cattle < 600 lbs.
    • Feeder Cattle > 600 lbs.
    • Slaughter Cattle: Fed Cattle (> 1,200 lbs. intended for slaughter)
    • Slaughter Cattle: Mature Cattle (culled breeding cattle intended for slaughter)
    • All Other Cattle (breeding, replacements, and all other cattle not included in other categories).
  • Sheep
    • Lambs and Yearlings (less than two years of age)
    • All Other Sheep (great than two years of age)

USDA announced CFAP eligibility of sheep greater than two years of age on August 11 as a result of data and comments submitted by the public through the Notice of Funding Availability. 

Common Livestock Types

The table below provides a crosswalk between commonly used livestock terminology and CFAP livestock categories.

Cattle Common NameDescriptionCFAP Category
Newborn CalfCalves from birth to days oldFeeder Cattle: < 600 lbs
CalfCalves still nursing the cow, animals that generally weigh less than 500 poundsFeeder Cattle: < 600 lbs
Bucket CalfOrphan or newborn calf normally purchased when they are 1 to 10 days oldFeeder Cattle: < 600 lbs
HeiferetteA female bovine animal that has not calved and weighs more than 500 pounds; OR a heifer placed on feed following the loss of a calf or an open heifer placed on feed following the breeding seasonFeeder Cattle: < or > 600 lbs, as applicable
SteerA castrated male bovine animal that generally weighs more than 500 poundsFeeder Cattle: < or > 600 lbs, as applicable
Weaner or Weaned CalfAnimal between 105 and 355 days coming from cow-calfFeeder Cattle: < or > 600 lbs, as applicable
Backgrounded CattleSteers and heifers that are fed a warm up or conditioning ration are normally fed to approximately 700 pounds, and then sold as feeders or shipped to another feedlot to be finished for the slaughter marketFeeder Cattle: < or > 600 lbs, as applicable
Stockers/Feeders/Feeder CalvesYoung weaned steers or heifers, weighing approximately 400-800 pounds usually grazing on pasture and/or feed ration to prepare for shipment to feeders intended for slaughter or selected for replacement stockFeeder Cattle: < or > 600 lbs, as applicable
YearlingsCalves between 1 and 2 years of ageFeeder Cattle > 600 lbs
Open HeiferNon-pregnant female bovineFeeder Cattle: < or > 600 lbs, as applicable
Replacement HeifersA heifer that has been selected to be bred and placed in the beef herdAll Other Cattle
Bred HeifersA female bovine that is pregnant with her first calfAll Other Cattle
First Calf HeifersA young female that has had only one calfAll Other Cattle
Bred CowsA female bovine animal that has borne at least one calfAll Other Cattle
Open Cows – Retained in Herd(Non-pregnant) cows at the end of the breeding seasonAll Other Cattle
Open Cows – Slaughter(Non-pregnant) cows at the end of the breeding seasonSlaughter Cattle: Mature
Cows-Culled (Beef and Dairy)A cow that is removed from the main breeding herd or dairy production for one or more reasons (i.e., age, poor production, physical ailment, poor disposition, genetic selection, etc.) and is generally sold for slaughter and not destined to be a replacementSlaughter Cattle: Mature
Herd Bulls-Culled (Beef and Dairy)A mature (approximately 24 months of age or older) uncastrated, male bovine removed from the main breeding herd sold for slaughter and not destined to be replacementSlaughter Cattle: Mature
Herd Bulls (Breeding-Beef only)A mature (approximately 24 months of age or older) uncastrated, male bovine used for breeding purposesAll Other Cattle
Finished Cattle (1200 lbs or more)Cattle that have reached the optimal weight and conditions ready for slaughterSlaughter Cattle: Fed
Fat Steer/Heifer (1200 lbs or more)Cattle that have reached the optimal weight and conditions ready for slaughterSlaughter Cattle: Fed

Livestock that are no longer used for dairy production and entered the beef cattle market, if all other eligibility requirements are met, may be eligible for CFAP and would be categorized accordingly.

CFAP Payments for Livestock

A single payment for livestock will be calculated using the sum of the producer’s number of livestock sold between January 15 and April 15, 2020, multiplied by the payment rates per head, and the highest inventory number of livestock between April 16 and May 14, 2020, multiplied by the payment rate per head.

Producers must provide the following information for CFAP:

  • Total owned, unpriced inventory as of January 15, 2020, that was sold between January 15th and April 15th. These sales must be separated by species and class, and can include any offspring from inventory that was sold.
  • Highest inventory of owned eligible livestock, by species and class, on a date selected by the producer between April 16 and May 14, 2020.

The following table lists eligible livestock and payment rates for CFAP.

LivestockEligible LivestockUnit of MeasureCARES Act Part 1 Payment RateCCC Part 2 Payment Rate
CattleFeeder Cattle: Less than 600 PoundsHead$102.00$33.00
 Feeder Cattle: 600 Pounds or MoreHead$139.00$33.00
 Slaughter Cattle: Fed CattleHead$214.00$33.00
 Slaughter Cattle: Mature CattleHead$92.00$33.00
 All Other CattleHead$102.00$33.00
Hogs and PigsPigs: Less than 120 PoundsHead$28.00$17.00
 Hogs: 120 Pounds or MoreHead$18.00$17.00
SheepLambs and Yearlings: All Sheep Less than 2 Years OldHead$33.00$7.00
 All Other Sheep: All Sheep Greater than 2 Years OldHead$24.00$7.00

Additional information for livestock producers is available in our fact sheet, Coronavirus Food Assistance Program for Livestock Producers. This fact sheet is also available in Spanish and Puerto Rican Spanish.

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